Saturday, September 14, 2019
Ella OÃ¢â¬â¢Gorman Task 1 As a home-based child-carer I would like to provide parentÃ¢â¬â¢s/carers with information outlining the following: Current Legislation. Role of the Regulatory Bodies. Legislation is a very important part of my practise. It ensures that I provide a high standard of care for the children that attend my setting. There are several pieces of legislation that affect the early years and childcare sector but I have outlined ones that I feel are most important and relevant to my work as a home-based child-care provider. Children Act (1989) -This act aims to improve effective local authorities working to safeguard and promote childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s well being and support vulnerable children. The act aims to ensure that the welfare of the children is paramount, working in partnerships with parents to protect children from harm. In 1999 a document entitled Ã¢â¬Ëworking together to safeguard childrenÃ¢â¬â¢ was published, it reinforces the message that all professional s have a duty of care towards children who are at risk of harm. Children Act (2004) -This act was to improve communication between various organisations, after the terrible death of Victoria Climbe highlighted the lack of communication between organisations responsible for her safety. As a result of this A Green paper entitled Ã¢â¬ËEvery Child MattersÃ¢â¬â¢ was published. This paper lists five outcomes which were identified in consultation with children and young people. The five outcomes are as follows: 1. Being Healthy: enjoying good physical and mental health and living a healthy lifestyle. 2. Staying Safe: being protected from harm and neglect. 3.Enjoying & Achieving: getting the most out of life and developing the skills for adulthood. 4. Making a Positive Contribution: being involved with the community and society and not engaging in anti-social or offending behaviour. 5. Economic well-Being: not being prevented by economic disadvantage from achieving their full potential. * Childcare Act (2006) Ã¢â¬â This act ensures that childcare in England is regulated and has replaced part of the children act (1989). The act covers registration and inspection which are carried out by the regulatory body Ofsted. This is when the EYFS was introduced.They inspect the standard of education and care framework for the early years and general childcare registers ensuring that the five outcomes set out in the children act (2004) and all Ofsted registry requirements are being met. * SENDA (2001) Ã¢â¬â Special Educational Needs & Disability Act Ã¢â¬â This act is intended to prevent the unfair treatment of individuals. The act requires reasonable provisions to ensure providers adopt an inclusive approach towards children with disabilities or special needs and everybody is treated equally. * EYFS (2012) Ã¢â¬â Early Years Foundation Stage -This comes from the childcare act 2006.It first came into effect on the 1st of Sept 2008 and then was reformed to be effectiv e from 1st Sept 2012 to take forward the Governments changes to the 2008 framework. This framework covers both the learning and development and the welfare requirements and is mandatory for all early years providers on the Early Years Register. The learning and development requirements are given legal force by an Order made under section 39(1)(a) of the Childcare Act 2006. The safeguarding and welfare requirements are given legal force by Regulations under Section 39(1)(b) of the Childcare Act 2006. Ella OÃ¢â¬â¢Gorman The Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) sets the standards that all early years providers must meet to ensure that all children learn and develop well and are kept healthy and safe. It promotes teaching and learning to ensure childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Ëschool readinessÃ¢â¬â¢ it also gives children the broad range of knowledge and skills that provide the right foundation for good future progress through school and life. The EYFS seeks to provide the following: * Quali ty and consistency Ã¢â¬â so that every child makes good progress and no child gets left behind. A secure foundation Ã¢â¬â through learning and development opportunities which are planned around the needs and interests of individuals which are assessed and reviewed regularly. * Partnership working Ã¢â¬â of practitioners and with parentÃ¢â¬â¢s/carerÃ¢â¬â¢s. * Equality of opportunity Ã¢â¬â by anti-discriminatory practise ensuring every child is included and supported. The EYFS has four guiding principles that help shape practise in the early years settings. These are: * Unique child as every child is and is constantly learning, they can be resilient, capable, confident and self-assured; Positive relationships as all children learn to be strong and independent through these; * Enabling Environments help children to develop well, their experiences respond to their individual needs and there should be a strong partnership between practitioners and parents/carers; * Childre n develop and learn in different ways at different rates The framework covers education and care for all children including special educational needs and disabilities. As mentioned before the EYFS covers both learning and development and the welfare of children. Learning and Development Requirements:This section defines what providers must do in partnership with parents/carers. The learning and development requirements compromise: * The seven areas of learning and development and the educational programmes; * The early learning goals, which are the knowledge, skills, and understanding that all young children should have gained by the end of reception year; * The assessment requirements (when and how practitioners must assess childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s achievements and how they share this progress with parents/carers). The seven areas of learning are divided into two areas.All areas of learning and development are important and inter-connected. Three areas are crucial for igniting childrenÃ¢â ¬â¢s curiosity and enthusiasm for learning and for building their capacity to learn, form relationships and thrive. Prime Areas Ã¢â¬â the three areas cover; * Communication and language Ã¢â¬â The early learning goals for this area are; Listening and attention Understanding Speaking 2 Ella OÃ¢â¬â¢Gorman * Physical Development Ã¢â¬â The early learning goals for this area are; Moving and Handling Health and Self Care * Personal, Social and Emotional Development Ã¢â¬â The early learning goals for this area are; Making relationshipsSelf-confidence and self awareness Managing feelings and behaviour Providers must also support children in four areas, through which the three prime areas are strengthened Specific Areas Ã¢â¬â The four areas are; * Literacy Ã¢â¬â The early learning goals for this area are; Reading Writing * Mathematics Ã¢â¬â The early learning goals for this area are; Numbers Shape, space and measure * Understanding of the world Ã¢â¬â The early lear ning goals for this area are; People and communities The world Technology * Expressive Arts and Design Ã¢â¬â The early learning goals for this area are; Exploring and using media and materialsBeing imaginative Assessment Ã¢â¬â at the end of the EYFS. Practitioners are expected to complete an EYFS profile on each child. The profile provides parents/carers and teachers with a well rounded picture of a childÃ¢â¬â¢s knowledge, understanding and abilities. The profile must reflect ongoing observation and each childÃ¢â¬â¢s development must be assessed against the early learning goals. Practitioners must indicate whether children are meeting expected levels of development, or if they are exceeding expected levels, or not yet reaching expected levels (emerging).Safeguarding and Welfare Requirements: This section defines what providers must do to help children develop in a safe and secure environment. These cover: * Safeguarding and Promoting ChildrenÃ¢â¬â¢s Welfare Ã¢â¬â Alwa ys working to promote childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s welfare and their good health and the way in which their behaviour is managed. * Suitable people Ã¢â¬â Making sure that all adults looking after children or having unsupervised access are suitable to do so, qualifications and training and adult: child ratios. Childminders are responsible. Ella OÃ¢â¬â¢Gorman * Suitable premises Ã¢â¬â Maintaining the safety and suitability of outdoor/indoor spaces, furniture, equipment and toys. Also health and safety law, and need to register as a food business and deal with food/hygiene appropriately. * Organisation Ã¢â¬â The planning and organisation of systems. Ensure that all receive an enjoyable and challenging learning and development experience that meets childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s individual needs. Documentation Ã¢â¬â The records, policies and procedures needed for safe and efficient management of the business and to meet the needs of the children. * Race relations Act (1976) amended in 2000- Child care providers are required to produce a policy on racial equality and to actively encourage positive relationships between members of different racial backgrounds. * Education Act (1997) Ã¢â¬â This act incorporates all previous acts since 1944 into one act. Set a time frame on the legal process for identifying and assessing a childÃ¢â¬â¢s needs as set out in the Code of Practise. Education Act (1981) Ã¢â¬â This act was the first official recognition of: ParentÃ¢â¬â¢s rights regarding childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s education and special educational needs. * Education Act (1993) Ã¢â¬â This was a code of practice to be published for children with special educational needs. Parents of children under 2yrs have the right to ask for a child to be formally assessed. * Family Law Act (1996) Ã¢â¬â This act sets out the guidance relating to safeguarding children. * UNCRC (1989) Ã¢â¬â United Nations Convention of the Rights of Children Ã¢â¬â This reinforces childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s rights al l over the world.It gives children and young people over 40 major rights, some include the right to a family life, the right to be protected from all types of violence, the right to be healthy, the right to have a say and to be taken seriously and the right to have an education that helps you grow as a person. The UNCRC gives extra rights to children in very difficult circumstances, including children in trouble with the law and refugee and asylum seeking children. * Data Protection Act (1998) Ã¢â¬â This act Controls how your personal information is used.As child carers we must not pass on information about the families we work with. (except in cases of safeguarding). Personal information should be kept safely locked away. * Food Safety (General Food Hygiene) Regulations (1995) Ã¢â¬â This act sets out basic hygiene requirements. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s considered good practise for childminders to hold a Basic Food Hygiene Certificate. * Health Protection Agency Act (2004) Ã¢â¬â A UK-Wi de public body dedicated to protecting peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s health. * Public Health (Control of Disease) Act (1984) Ã¢â¬â This act covers the notification and exclusion periods for certain infectious diseases. RIDDOR (1995) Ã¢â¬â Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations Ã¢â¬â This specifies certain accidents and incidents that must be reported by law. * COSHH (2002) Ã¢â¬â Care of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations Ã¢â¬â This deals with the identification, storage and use of potentially harmful substances such as cleaning fluids. There is more legislation that I use in my work. I have given a brief description of each one that I feel is important for my home based setting, others are listed below: If you would like to know about these in more detail please let me know. Health and Safety (First Aid) Regulations (1981) * Fire Precautions (Workplace) Regulations (1997) * Toys (Safety) Regulations (1995) 4 Ella OÃ¢â¬â¢Gorman The Regulator y Body also has a very important impact on the way I run my home-based setting. Home-based child-carers must be registered with the regulatory body for their country before they can care for other peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s children in their home.All the regulatory bodies publish requirements, or standards and procedures that childminders have to meet in order to become registered. In England there are five general welfare requirements: * Safeguarding and promoting childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s welfare * Suitable people * Suitable premises, environment and equipment * Organisation * Documentation Regulatory bodies in the UK * England Ã¢â¬â Ofsted. * Wales Ã¢â¬â Care and social services Inspectorate Wales (CSSIW) Standards. * Scotland Ã¢â¬â Scottish Commission for the Regulation of Care. * Northern Ireland Ã¢â¬â Local Health and Social Services Trust.The role of Ofsted is to use the registration systems in place so that they can make sure that home-based child-carers: * Meet the requirements in the Statutory Framework for the Early Years Foundation Stage. * Are suitable people to provide care for children. * Can promote an environment where children are well cared for, are safe and their learning and development are catered for. Ofsted have processes and systems to control home-based childcare in the following ways. * Registration Ã¢â¬â This covers checks on all adults who will be on the premises at the time of operation. Inspection Ã¢â¬â Once registered inspectors carry out checks on the service you offer. This is written as a report and must be offered to parentÃ¢â¬â¢s. * Investigation Ã¢â¬â Complaints or concern is followed by an investigation into your service to make sure you comply with the welfare requirements. * Enforcement Ã¢â¬â If requirements arenÃ¢â¬â¢t met then Ofsted can take action against you. When childcare providers apply for registration there are 3 different registers. 1. Early Years Register Ã¢â¬â To care for children from birth to 5 years 11 months. This is compulsory. 2. Ofsted Childcare Register Ã¢â¬â To care for 6 Ã¢â¬â 8 years. This is compulsory. 3.Voluntary Register Ã¢â¬â For over 8 years. This is not compulsory. It is usual for childminders to go on all 3 registers so that they are covering the total age range. If you are on more than one register you have to make sure you can meet the requirements for all of the registers and show that you can meet the needs of the age range of children you are caring for. To become registered other requirements by Ofsted would be: * To be peadiatric first aid trained. * Have an enhanced CRB check 5 Ella OÃ¢â¬â¢Gorman * Be qualified at a minimum of level 2 in an area of work relevant to childcare * Suitable insurance cover. Pre-registration visit to check safety of premises. As well as being the regulatory body you need to register with, Ofsted would also require that you inform them of matters affecting the welfare of children: * If protection issues arise at your setting. * Any incident of food poisoning affecting two or more children. * Any serious accident or injury to, or death of any child while receiving childcare. Having legislation and regulating bodies in place ensures that children receive a high standard of care in all settings that a child attends away from home.This helps give you as parents/carers reassurance when leaving their children. Task 2 Accidents, illness and emergencies policy I aim to keep children safe when they are in my care. However accidents and illnesses can happen very quickly. I promote good health and take necessary steps to prevent accidents and the spread of infection and illness. My premises have been checked and they meet the requirements set out in the Early Years Foundation Stage in England. I also review, update and practise my safety routines regularly including fire drills.As a registered childminder, I am legally required to have a valid first aid certificate. I can administer basic first ai d treatment on children as I last did my training in Nov 2012. I have a first aid box which is clearly labelled and kept in the cupboard in my kitchen which is easily accessible. I keep all parents contact details with the first aid box. All accidents will be recorded in an accident book, which is available to parentÃ¢â¬â¢s who will also be expected to sign a copy. I have a written permission form signed by parentÃ¢â¬â¢s kept in each childÃ¢â¬â¢s file, seeking emergency treatment for their child if needed.I check all equipment regularly for safety, and to make sure they are used using their correct guidelines and manufacturerÃ¢â¬â¢s instructions. All equipment is cleaned after use, either on a daily or weekly basis depending on type of equipment. I must notify Ofsted of any serious accidents, illnesses or injuries or the death of a child whilst in my care and any action I have taken within 14 days. If your child becomes ill during the childminding period or I suspect they ha ve an infectious disease. I will contact parentÃ¢â¬â¢s to collect the child.Ensure that the child is kept home until they have been well for an agreed amount of time. Please refer to sickness exclusion period table which is included. 6 Ella OÃ¢â¬â¢Gorman I have an arranged emergency back-up should an emergency arise. Procedure To ensure that this policy is implemented, these are the steps that I follow: All parentÃ¢â¬â¢s/carers are made aware of my policies and procedures during the settling in period. They will also be made aware of their responsibilities of collecting their child when they are sick. I go through all the paperwork with them and parentÃ¢â¬â¢s/carers sign copies to say that they agree.If concerns are raised adaptions can then be made. If there is an accident: I will comfort and reassure the injured child while making sure all other children are safe and well, in a secure place where I can see them. If possible I will deal with the accident/injury, if it requ ires further expertise I will ring 999 for help. If I have to attend hospital with the injured child, I will either bring the other children with me, or call my emergency back-up cover.This will be another registered childminder or known responsible adult. These people will be known to you and are named below. If I manage to deal with the accident myself, I will then contact the childÃ¢â¬â¢s parentÃ¢â¬â¢s/carers immediately. If I accompany the child to hospital, I will contact their parentÃ¢â¬â¢s/carers and ask them to meet me at the hospital. If I am not able to contact parents/carers in cases of emergencies then this may be done by emergency back-up cover. You will be expected to collect your child straight away.
Airline Supply Demand Curve Airline industry provides us air transportation that improves our lives by shortening the time it takes us to reach a destination and also deliver goods. Airline industry undergoes oligopoly market, where only a few sellers that provide similar products or services but differentiated in the branding and the promotion method. Basically, there are four main categories in the airline industry, which is international, national, regional, and cargo. International flights provide services between countries; both national and regional flights are domestic flights within a country, but regional flights have shorter distance compare to national flights; cargo is mainly for the use of transport goods. In this assignment, we are going to briefly explain the determinants and the changes in market condition that affect the demand and supply of the airline industry. There are few determinants that will cause a change in the supply demand curve in the airline industry. Determinants on demand curve . The first determinant is income. When a country experiences a growth in the economy, the average income of citizens will increase. In this case, air ticket plays a role as a normal good, this is because an increase in the income will lead to an increase in the demand of air ticket purchased, one example is families might travel more often as they are in good economic condition. The second determinant is prices of related goods, where a change in price of a good might affect the demand of the other good. In the airline industry, the price of fuel has a direct influence to the demand of air ticket. When the price of fuel increases, airline industry has to increase the price of air ticket to maintain its revenue. Therefore, the fuel price and the demand of air ticket have a relationship of complements, where increase in the fuel price leads to a decrease in the demand for air ticket. However, in some special cases especially during a decline in the economy, the airline industry will not raise the price of air tickets because the customers would scare away. Therefore, the demand of air tickets is also quite dependent to the condition of economy. The third determinant is number of buyers. The more the buyers in the airline industry, the demand of air ticket will be higher. When a promotion is held by the industry airlines, there will be more buyers on the purchase of air ticket. This is because the air tickets normally sell at a lower price to attract more customers especially during a not-so-peak season. Thus, the demand or air tickets will increase and the airline industry will gain more profits even though the air tickets are selling at a lower price. The last determinant is expectation on future income and future price, which means the prediction of consumers on how much they will earn and the value of a good in the future. For example, if the economy has a positive development, where people expect a higher income in the future, they might go for a vacation a nd shift the demand curve of air ticket to the right. However, if they realize there will be an increase in price of air ticket in the future probably due to peak season, they will choose to purchase now then later and cause the demand curve to shift to the right.
Friday, September 13, 2019
Letter from the Birmingham Jail - Essay Example "Letter from Birmingham Jail" takes a very important place in the history of the movement for human rights and is perfect expression of reasoning for non-violent resistance. The author of this letter, Martin Luther King, believed that once injustice occurs, it becomes a threat to justice everywhere."This letter this famous preacher wrote in response to the appeal, in which the clergy characterized the activities of black activists as "unreasonable" and the late, criticized activists for organizing demonstrations, spoke approvingly about the city authorities and the police. KingÃ¢â¬â¢s letter is a direct response to criticism of his ideas by church representatives, but in fact, he refers to everyone who does not approve racism, but considers methods of nonviolent struggle to be too radical.His letter is full of arguments of a true Christian;he uses many Old and New Testament associations and images, quotations, references to Christ's example. King's main claim is that the main obsta cle on the way of human being to freedom is not politicians, but citizens themselves, as often they are more devoted to "order" than to justice and believe in the myth about time and constantly advise to those who are oppressed to wait for a better moment.
Thursday, September 12, 2019
Journalism, Mass Media and Communication Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words - 1
Journalism, Mass Media and Communication - Essay Example Public diplomacy makes use of several techniques or channels, one of them being mass media, international broadcasting, in particular. The techniques of mass media are used to directly affect the mass public, while the others especially cultural channels have an orientation towards elite audiences. Public diplomacy has got several geopolitical implementations. For instance, the EU member states are advanced in public diplomacy implementation about their strategies of foreign policy and these days the EU has got a Public Diplomacy Unit and Election Observation in the Action Service of the European External (Gilboa, 1998). Public diplomacy has got a great impact on the power-relation globally. Usually, the nation that advocates for public diplomacy tends to attract more foreigners. When more foreigners move in, the various nations gain because of the investments and taxes the nations subject them to. By the end of the day, the nations that advocate public diplomacy gain (Gilboa, 1998). The hybridity of culture involves the changing of culture as it adapts to various changes. Deterritorialization reinforces the change whereas sets of power relationships that are an unequal condition the change. Cultural industry hybridization represents the global forms and local culture interaction to produce cultural commodities that are dynamically localized. Censorship and adaptation in Malaysia, for instance, are significant hybridization ways monitored and enforced by several non-governmental and governmental bodies (Guan, 2010).
Wednesday, September 11, 2019
How Sports Run the World - Essay Example As the research stresses modern sports provide a common cultural and social currency between people of different backgrounds. Sporting events promote social integration and foster a sense of unity. Across the globe, the ball games and athletic competition activate a collective spirit that tends to enhance participation of different social groups. According to the report findings people take part in the sports as players, athletics, sponsors, media personalities, politicians, business people, and spectators. The participation of persons of varied backgrounds in the sporting events helps in bridging the cultural, as well as, ethnic divides. Similarly, sports promote cultural tolerance, non-discrimination, and social integration. In cases where politics, culture, national passions, and culture often divide people, sports facilitate the achievement of unity at local and international levels. The sporting events have the potential of fighting discrimination and raising the awareness about the rights of women and marginalized societies. Sporting events offer a platform that assists different fans to bond in pursuit of collective action to achieve strong sporting communities. Local, as well as, the international fans display strong allegiances to the sport teams and athletes. Such base of fans tends to provide a focus for intergener ational discussions and development of solidarity at the community, national, and international levels. Apart from the solidarity, sport is an indispensable tool for social mobilization targeting to empower different groups of people.
Tuesday, September 10, 2019
The Impact of Markets and the Division of Labour on Social Cohesion - Essay Example This paper seeks to find out if markets and the division of labour encourage or discourage social cohesion. Impacts A market can be described as a destination for goods or services intended for sale. This market is composed of customers who are people that are willing and able to purchase the goods or services that are being sold. Social cohesion refers to the ability of people to articulate or embrace each other and co-exist peacefully (Council of Europe 67). It also refers to the ability of various groups of people to hold firmly together consistently. Scholars have revealed that markets and division of labour have had a substantial impact on social cohesion in the current society. Division of labour has led to the separation of markets and employment through the differentiation and separation of production processes (Furze, Savy, Brym & Lie 55). Instead of producing similar goods and services, the various labourers in the market are sub-divided and allowed to deal with the various specialties of the production processes so as to meet the various market demands. An example of this is a shift from mixed farming to either crop or animal production as separate production lines or dividing the entire work of an organization into different work units, each dealing with a specific task. This shift in the production processes seemingly separates people from coming together and engaging in the production process as a larger group. In a manufacturing industry for example, the work units will be organized around the skill requirements for the various steps of production and marketing like product production, packaging, IT management, sales and marketing, customer relations among others. This gives the impression that division of labour discourages social cohesion. However, a closer look on the mechanisms of division of labour reveals it encourages social cohesion both local and globally through the development of the need to exchange and which in turn brings people tog ether (Council of Europe 117). This is to say that division of labour encourages the need for trade. One country could choose to specialize in producing and supplying a given product basing on their natural and capital, for example oil and gas. On the same note, another country will produce tyres and apparel. Such a situation definitely generates some form of dependency in which case the two countries need each other. The one producing oil and gas needs tyres and apparel and the one producing apparel and tyres needs oil and gas. This gives a picture of the processes of imports and exports that is seen in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society. In other words, division of labour defines the lines of production and this means that no person will produce all that they need in life. This creates some deficiencies of the products that a person does not produce and thus the need to obtain it from others. After an examination of division of labour, Smith (25) concluded that unlike the savage or the ancien t man, the modern man/woman is highly dependent on the labour of others to satisfy his/her full range of wants. This structure of satisfying human wants has resulted to the need to focus attention to the importance of exchange and therefore the need for increased human interactions both locally and globally. Through international exchanges like imports and exports, people across the globe have been able to come together, interact and co-exist
Monday, September 9, 2019
Operations Management Project- New Business - Assignment Example The vehicle industry can be regarded as the central theme for this business. Since the number of vehicles has increased in recent days, the requirement for parking as well as washing has also increased by a certain extent. The parking service as a business has become quite popular in recent times as the amount of space for car parking is quite limited particularly in urban areas of Al Mirfa. The parking industry is spurred by new construction. Since new construction has gradually increased in recent days, prospect for profitability in parking industry also increased. In line with the parking industry, washing segment has also become an effective money-making opportunities for businesses. It is to be stated that as there are no such washing shops present in Al Mirfa city, thus there will be no direct competition for ABC Corp in that area to provide washing and parking services to the customers. These are the key marketing influence or factors that have been considered for staring the business. Mission The mission of the business is to become the first choice for customers for taking the parking and washing services in Al Mirfa and to achieve sustainable development. ABC Corp is dedicated to provide the customers with crucial parking and washing experience. It will focus upon delivering deliberate efforts toward the accomplishment of gaining greater customer satisfaction and value while providing employees with outstanding recompense. Goals and Objectives The key business objectives of ABC Corp are: To be observed as premium parking and washing service business in Al Mirfa To maintain a high profit margin To maintain a gradual and steady growth in profit To expand the business in different locations within five years of business operation Organisational Strategy In Al Mirfa, there pertains the occurrence of numerous festivals such as Ã¢â¬Å"